Personal Pronouns | Les pronoms personnels
A personal pronoun replaces a noun (the noun performing the action described by the verb)
il, elle, on
he, she, we/on
* It: “It” is used for inanimate objects. In French, there is no neuter pronoun “it”. Things are either masculine or feminine: il is used for masculine nouns and elle is used for feminine nouns.Examples:
|Il (le livre m.) est dans mon sac à dos.
It (the book) is in my school bag.
Elle (la pomme f.) est sur la table.
It (the apple) is on the table.
* One / Someone: The French pronoun “on” has several meanings. It is used in the same ways as the personal pronouns “one”, “someone”, “some people” or “they” in a nonspecific sense or as a less formal substitute (colloquial) for the subject pronoun nous (we). Examples
|On doit toujours laver ses pommes avant de les manger
One must always wash one's apples before eating them.
Avec maman, on mange des crêpes.
With mom, we eat pancakes.
*Tu or Vous: When referring to more than one person vous must be used. When referring to a single person, vous or tu may be used depending on the situation. Tu is informal and used only with well-known acquaintances. Vous is the polite form used when addressing unknown persons or older persons.
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